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Official Name: Republic of Mozambique

Position: Coastal southern Africa—bordered by South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi, and the Indian Ocean

Independence: June 25, 1975 from Portugal

Current Population: 24 million

Area: 801,590 km2 / 309,496 square miles

Capital: Maputo (Formerly Lourenco Marques)

Languages: Portuguese with some eleven ethnic languages,including Tsonga, Nyungwe, Ronga, Ngoni, Chopi, Tonga, Ndau, Tswa, Swahili, Makhuwa, and Sena

National Groups: Macua are the dominant group in the north, the Sena and Shona (mostly Ndau) in the Zambezi Valley, and the Shangaan (Tsonga) predominate in the south. Other national national groups include Makonde, Yao, Swahili, Tonga, Chopi, and Nguni (including Zulu). Bantu people comprise over 98% of the national population, with the rest including White Africans including some of the Jews), Euro-Africans, mestico people of Bantu and European heritage, and Indians.


Active Community: Maputo

Inactive Community: Beira

Jewish Population at its Height: 100

Estimated Current-Day Jewish Population: 45

Operational Synagogue: Maputo's Honen Dalim Congregation (Founded in 1899; Formally Organized in 1921) Synagogue (Completed in 1926; Restored in 2011–13)

Cemeteries: One in Maputo, with a small chapel, in the Alto Mae District. A few Jews are also buried in a dedicated area of the white Christian cemetery in Beira.